Let's talk about first about the breed of pigs you can raise. There are many imported breeds you can raise and for beginners in this kind of business the hardest thing is choosing the breed that will give you the best performance and income. All of them have positive and negatives and the best tip I can give you is choose the sturdy breed that can live well in our country. Below are the breeds of hogs.
Different Breeds of Swine
Yorkshire or Largewhite - White with medium erect ears. One of their advantage is the sow have the superior mothering abilities, which means you can expect to have good litters and reduced mortality rate. Yorkshire adapts well to confinement but it is not recommended to put them in rugged conditions. They also have high dressing percentage. Yorkshire produce fine quality meat compared to other breeds, this means you can get more profit.
Landrace - White in color and posses short legs and medium dropping ears. The sows have excellent mothering ability and litter size. Landrace are superior milkers and they can produce pigs with superior growth rate. The only problem with this type of breed is they have weak feet and legs, but it can be remedied by proper selection and breeding.
Duroc - The color is varying from shades of red. The sows are prolific and they are also known for good mothering ability. They produce pigs that are superior in growth rate, feed conversion and performance in rugged condition. They are sturdy compared to white breeds of pigs.
Hampshire - Their color is black with distinguishable white belt around the shoulders and body. They are generally short legged and lack body thickness, however Hampshire have a good reputation of weaning a high percentage of pigs farrowed and they can easily adopt to rugged conditions. Their growth rate are average to low.
Pietrain - This type of breed is a very meaty breed with spotted black and white color. It has a well-shaped shoulders, hams and loins. The carcass has high lean meat percentage but the only problem is it has a low constitution and they are highly susceptible to stress. Feed conversion is not really good and Pietrain is a slow grower. It is not good to raise it as pure breed but instead it is much better breeding and improving other breeds.
Select the breed that will not give you headache, you must also consider your starting capital, buying a breeder will cost more and it is not recommended for someone without prior experience. If you are a beginner it will be much better if you buy a "chop suey" breed first. It is a mixed and unknown breed commonly raised by small backyard raisers. When you already know the in's and out's of swine raising then its time to get serious and buy your own breeder.
Tips in Selecting Breeder Sows
- Gilts must have well developed udder with a minimum of properly spaced teats.
- Avoid those gilts with inverted teats which don't produce milk. Inverted teats might be inherited and we do not want any of this abnormalities in our breeders.
- As much as possible, choose sows with long body for better udder development.
- Examine the ham, loin and shoulder, it must be well developed which is required for breeder animals.
- Make sure to select the biggest animal in the litter.
- Study the parents of the litter you will purchase, they must not posses any abnormalities, they have low mortality rate and free from any hereditary disease.
Tips in Selecting Breeder Boars
- Masculinity both in appearance and in action.
- Primary sex organs must be visible and well-developed.
- Select the boar with testicles of equal size.
- As much as possible, choose the boar that are tried and tested without any defects or hereditary disease.
The most important aspect in any business comes now, the marketing. Hogs can be marketed when they already reach the weight of 80 kilograms. You can either sell your hogs to middleman or you can sell it directly to marketplace or meat processors without the intervention of the middleman. You can also sell your hogs in the auction market wherein the highest bidder will get the animal. If you have a lot of pigs to sell and you want to convert it into cash immediately then it is recommended to sell them to middleman, though they will buy your pigs in cheaper price they will pay in cash and they will buy all the available marketable pigs. If you want higher profit, be your own middleman and find market vendors who will buy your produce, they will pay for a higher price compare to middleman or agents.
There you have it guys, a simple guide about hog raising in the Philippines. If you want to discover more agriculture business or any other business opportunities you can start here in the Philippines, feel free to browse this blog and discover how you can make money by starting your own business.